Cocaine is the most potent stimulant of natural origin and has been abused for more than 100 years. It was the first local anesthetic starting in 1884.

There are 250 varieties of the coca plant, but only three are prominently used in illegal cocaine trade, Huanuco coca is grown in Bolivia and Peru, Amazonian coca grown in the Amazon River basin, and Columbian coca grown in Columbia (70% of the worlds supply).

Mexican criminal groups are the predominant distributors of wholesale cocaine in the United States.

In the 1880’s Doc Pemberton, “Doc” because he purchased a cheap $5.00 doctors license, marketed an original formula known as Coca-Cola. Coca-Cola was marketed as a Headache remedy with the main ingredient being cocaine and the second ingredient being caffeine. Doc was a morphine addict and sold the company to a man named Asa Chandler. Mr. Chandler changed the formula by removing the cocaine to make the cola taste better, which is the Coca-Cola we have today.

Cocaine stimulates the central nervous system and is excreted through the liver.

Signs of cocaine use include: Blurred vision, dilated pupils, tremors and twitching, chest pain, fever, increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, increased respiratory rate, decreased appetite, aggression, paranoia, depression ,and
irritability. In high doses it can cause hallucinations or delusions.

Long term effect include: Eating disorders, malnutrition, impotence, seizures, strokes, severe withdrawal, permanent damage to the nasal passage, cardiac arrest, and respiratory arrest.

Street names: Coke, Snow, Nose Candy, Flake, Blow, Big C, Lady Snowbirds, and White.

Cocaine is most commonly snorted but can be smoked or injected.

Pure cocaine may be diluted with lactose, inositol, mannitol cornstarch, sugar, lidocaine, amphetamines, or other drugs of abuse such as oxycontin.