MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is a synthetic drug with both
stimulant and hallucinogenic qualities.
Ecstasy is referred to as the “designer drug” A designer drug is one that is either a copycat of another drug or a
synthetic compound of two or more drugs.
MDMA is similar to methamphetamine and mescaline and it reduces inhibitions, eliminates anxiety, and produces
feelings of empathy for others.
MDMA has potent effects on the cardiovascular system and on the body’s ability to regulate temperature. Increased physical activity increases the heart rate significantly and with strenuous activity could damage the heart or cause other cardiovascular complications.
MDMA works on the brain by increasing the activity of serotonin, dopamine, and nor epinephrine. Methamphetamine causes a greater dopamine release while MDMA causes a greater serotonin release. Serotonin regulates mood, sleep, pain, emotion, appetite, and other behaviors.
Side effects include: Muscle tension, involuntary teeth clenching, nausea, blurred vision, rapid eye movement, faintness, and chills or sweating.
With increase loss of serotonin heavy users experience: confusion, depression, sleep problems, persistent elevation of anxiety, aggressive and impulsive behavior, and selective impairment of some working memory and attention
Ecstasy can be swallowed, snorted, or injected.
Street names: XTC, E, X, Adam, Hugs, Beans, M&M’s