Methadone is a synthetic narcotic used legally to treat severe pain and opiate withdrawal.
Methadone was first synthesized by German chemists before World War II.
It has been legal in the United States since 1947 but has emerged as a drug of abuse.
Methadone comes in pill form, liquid to drink, or liquid for injection.
When used for Heroin withdrawal, Methadone controls the users cravings for 24-36 hours.
Methadone does not impair cognitive function and has no adverse effects on mental capability, intelligence, or employability.
Methadone is not sedating or intoxicating, nor does it interfere with ordinary activities such as driving a car or operating machinery.
Patients are able to feel pain and experience emotional reactions.
Typical street doses of heroin are ineffective at producing euphoria while on Methadone making the use of heroin less desirable.
Withdrawal symptoms include: Jittery feeling, muscle contractions, unable to walk or stand properly, convulsions, sweats, diarrhea, hallucinations, muscle spasticity, shallow labored breathing, convulsions, pinpoint pupils, bluish skin, bluish finger nails and lips, spasms of the stomach and intestinal tracts, constipation, weak pulse, low blood pressure, drowsiness, disorientation, coma, death.
Withdrawal symptoms may last for months.
Methadone addiction is one of the most powerful addictions causing the user to be completely dependent on the drug.
Methadone is considered to be the drug of choice for the treatment of pregnant woman addicted to opiates.
Methadone doses higher than 100mg may cause a “box” syndrome where the EKG shows prolonged QT waves
possibly leading to tachycardia, heart failure, and death.